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Ligustrum is a species of privet native to the southern part of China. Known as Nu Zhen Zi in Chinese. It is grown primarily as an ornamental shrub, but has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for some time. The fruit is used for medicine, but has little history of being used as a food source traditionally. Erzhi Wan also know as “Two Solstices Pill” containing ligustrum consists of winter harvested ligustrum berries harvested at the winter solstice and Eclipta alba harvested at the summer solstice. This combination is thought to have a balancing effect on the two opposing energetic systems.


In traditional Chinese medicine herbs known to help replenish “essence” sometime translated as body fluids are known as Yin Tonics. These remedies are nourishing and “tonic”. There has been some research conducted, mostly in laboratory settings that has investigated the effects of Ligustrum on immune function.*

Uses of Ligustrum


This information in our Herbal Reference Guide is intended only as a general reference for further exploration, and is not a replacement for professional health advice. This content does not provide dosage information, format recommendations, toxicity levels, or possible interactions with prescription drugs. Accordingly, this information should be used only under the direct supervision of a qualified health practitioner such as a naturopathic physician.

Active Constituents

oleanolic acid, crategolic acid, lupeol, betulin, verbascoside, and flavonoids, essential fatty acids.

Parts Used

  • Fruit

Important precautions

If you have a medical condition or take pharmaceutical drugs please consult your doctor prior to use.

Additional Resources

Ecologically Harvested is a term that describes all herbs sold by Gaia Herbs that are not Certified Organic. Ecologically Harvested herbs include herbs that are harvested in their natural habitat, (i.e., wild harvested) according to specific guidelines for harvesting these herbs (i.e., away from roads and industry, as well as guidelines to avoid overharvesting). Our term, Ecologically Harvested, also includes herbs that are grown in managed woodland areas, fields designated for specific herbs, and herbs that are grown by indigenous growers, such as Kava Kava. All Ecologically Harvested herbs pass pesticide and heavy metal testing as well as microbial testing, prior to release.